There’s a variety of access control systems that can address your specific needs. This security method is proven to be capable of protecting all sizes of facility or data backgrounds through different kinds of protocols.
Take a look at everything you need to know about access control systems, the four different types and their uses, and how you can benefit from them.
What is Access Control?
Access control is the regulation of access to different levels of network resources in an information system. This selective restriction process is commonly used for security purposes.
Utilizing access control enacts a security system that limits the authorization of users or entities by performing systematic authentication. This process involves various electronic security systems like biometric scans, passwords, PIN codes, security badges, and more.
Authentication systems can include more than one factor for increased protection. Multifactor authentication is a higher level of an access control system usually applied to valuable IT assets.
Access control systems are categorized into two: physical or logical. They often work hand-in-hand, especially when physical access control requires secure back-end support. Although, logical access control doesn’t pressingly need physical access for it to work.
Physical access control limits access to tangible IT assets or data centres like rooms, buildings, or a contained area. The idea of this kind of security system is to regulate the people allowed to enter a facility. It also involves physical security systems like access cards, fingerprint scans, retinal scans, or activated sensors.
Logical access control refers to the limitation of access to intangible IT assets, such as files, data, and certain levels of a computer network, online or offline. This form of restriction is usually applied in computer operating systems. Restricted data centres, file sources, or computer networks can be accessed through authorized passwords and codes.
The Four Types of Access Control Systems
Discretionary Access Control (DAC)
Discretionary Access Control provides full access and control to the owner or administrator of the computer system that includes complete permission and authentication on all network levels. The system is easy to configure and allows multiple authority for a group of administrators.
However, there’s a downside to this security system because it has the least restrictive protocols. Giving administrative access control to everyone on the list poses a possible security breach on more than one access point. The mistakes of inappropriate users might happen right under your nose. You might leave the system susceptible to malware that comes from unreliable sources.
Mandatory Access Control (MAC)
Mandatory Access Control gives sole access and control to the system owner or administrator, making it the most restrictive security system. The system owner can grant permissions and access points to particular users.
The system parameter can provide limits to the length of access the administrator can give to an end-user. This kind of program is specifically designed to prevent anyone, even the administrator, from bypassing the restrictions.
Each user is classified according to the permissions and restrictions provided on their access level. The mandatory access control prevents them from accessing higher levels. It’s advantageous for large-scale facilities running official businesses that require security that has to protect valuable assets.
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
Role-Based Access Control provides access that enables a user to perform organizational roles. It’s a non-discretionary type of access control that is somehow similar to mandatory access control. However, the permissions granted to every user is strictly limited to the scope of the position.
For example, in an organization, a clear distinction of mandatory access control is giving the HR Department Head data access to all departmental files. In contrast, role-based access control can provide an HR Staff limited data access based on the pre-defined role.
RBAC is often used for cloud-based access control systems because the administrator is allowed to manage the permissions when the scope of pre-defined roles are modified.
Rule-Based Access Control
Rule-Based Access Control is the latest type of security system that’s becoming popular in many organizations. It’s focused on the particular rules and limitations set by the system administrators, which are bound to constantly change before and after performing a required action in a specific location at a precise time.
The rules generally provide specified access and control to a certain user for monitoring and regulation. This type of access control system can be integrated with MAC or RBAC for maximum security. The permissions are customizable, limiting or extending a user’s authority to access facilities, data centres, or network levels.
Benefits of Access Control Systems
Here is a list of benefits in installing an access control system:
- Property security and management
- Multiple access and security systems
- Regulating control of valuable assets
- Systemized digital access and data organization
- Monitoring small or large groups of employees
- Backup and restoration of valuable data
How To Choose The Best Access Control System
The number one factor you should consider in choosing the access control system for your company is the nature of your business, which will allow you to identify the best security features that will apply to all users in the organization.
Installing the most complicated security system on your property does not ensure total protection. If you want to utilize your access control system fully, stick with something simple, which encompasses the security measures you require.
Installing Access Control Systems for Property Security
Smart security technology is becoming essential for the protection of valuable assets and properties. Until today, authorization remains a challenge. But, thanks to multifactor authentication protocols, security professionals increased the importance of access control. And due to popular demand, commercial-grade electronic access control systems are developed to serve as the ultimate security solution.
Whether it’s for residential or business purposes, an enhanced restrictive security system provides integrated control and 24/7 assurance that your property, data, and assets are completely guarded.